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How Much Gold is Left in The World?

Published by honor in category Precious Metal Information Guides on 08.11.2023
Gold price (XAU-GBP)
1,859.28 GBP/oz
- GBP29.87
Silver price (XAG-GBP)
22.63 GBP/oz
- GBP0.41
Gold in the world

Exploring the remaining global reserves of gold, its profound impact on the economic landscape, and the potential consequences of dwindling gold supplies are critical inquiries that have captivated economists and investors alike. Tavex delves into these questions, offering a comprehensive overview in the text that follows.

Gold is a finite resource that has been a symbol of wealth and power for millennia. As of 2021, known reserves are estimated at 50,000 metric tons of gold, which might last around 15 years at current extraction rates. However, this only paints part of the picture. Discoveries, technological advancements, and recycling play crucial roles in extending the life of gold reserves.

While easily accessible deposits may become scarcer, rising gold prices, innovative extraction methods, and alternative sources like deep-sea mining could ensure gold remains a significant commodity for years.

(The first solid evidence archeologists have of human interaction with gold comes from the ancient Egyptians in roughly 3,000 BC)

How Much Physical Gold Exists Today?

Gold – a precious metal that has captivated civilisations for millennia, remains a sought-after commodity in today’s market. But just how much of this gleaming metal exists above ground?

Current Estimates of Gold Reserves

As of 2021, the World Gold Council estimated that approximately 197,576 metric tons of gold have been mined throughout history. This figure encompasses all the gold ever extracted, including gold in jewellery, gold bullion, electronics, and other forms.

Factors Influencing Gold Quantity

  • Recycling: Much of today’s gold is recycled, primarily from electronics and jewellery. This recycled gold re-enters the market, reducing the need for new extraction.
  • New Discoveries: While the rate of new gold discoveries has declined, exploration continues, and new deposits can add to the global total.
  • Consumption and Use: Unlike resources like fossil fuels, gold isn’t consumed. Instead, it’s often reused or repurposed, ensuring that most mined gold remains in circulation in one form or another.

While gold can fluctuate based on discoveries and recycling rates, the current estimate provides a snapshot of the gold brought to the surface over human history. This figure may continue to grow as exploration and technology advance, albeit at potentially slower rates.

How Much Un-mined Gold Is There?

The allure of gold has captivated humanity for ages, prompting us to delve deep into the Earth’s crust in relentless pursuit of its lustrous treasures. This precious metal has not only been a symbol of wealth and status but has also been instrumental in shaping economies and societies throughout history.

But as we continue to extract this finite resource, a pressing question remains: how much gold is still waiting to be discovered?

Estimates of Un-mined Gold Reserves

As of 2021, the World Gold Council’s data suggests approximately 50,000 metric tons of gold are in known reserves. These reserves represent gold deposits that have been identified and are economically viable to extract with current technology and market prices.

Factors Influencing Gold Reserves

  • Economic Viability: Not all gold deposits are currently profitable to mine. Fluctuations in gold prices can render previously uneconomical deposits viable and vice versa.
  • Technological Advancements: As mining technology improves, deposits that were once inaccessible or too challenging to mine can become feasible extraction sites.
  • Exploration: The Earth’s crust still holds many secrets. Continued exploration may lead to new gold deposits, increasing the known reserves.
  • Deep-sea and Space Mining: Future gold extraction might not be limited to land. The deep sea and even asteroids are potential sources of gold, though these ideas are still in their early stages.


In summary, while a substantial volume of un-mined gold contributes to the global gold quantity, the precise reserves are shaped by a variety of economic, technological, and exploratory factors. Central banks and the Gold Council keep a close watch on these reserves, as the tonnes of gold held by institutions like the Bank of England play a pivotal role in the financial stability of nations.

As we press forward with innovation and exploration, we can expect that the boundaries of gold extraction will broaden, potentially increasing gold holdings around the world. This expansion promises both long-term and short-term new opportunities and challenges for the market, economies, and central banks that rely on this precious metal.

Gold price (XAU-GBP)
1,859.28 GBP/oz
- GBP29.87
Silver price (XAG-GBP)
22.63 GBP/oz
- GBP0.41

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